Pneumonia damages the pulmonary air sacs in the lungs called alveoli. Receive the latest and greatest in women's health and wellness from EmpowHER - for free! Scientists have not yet been able to develop a cold vaccine to protect against all of these viruses. MERS (Middle East respiratory syndrome) is caused by coronavirus MERS-CoV. Some people are not suitable for flu shots. Your age, your symptoms, the severity of the infection, your allergies and … National Center for Biotechnology Information. Of the upper respiratory infection symptoms, the most common is a cough. Nearly 250 different viruses can lead to a cold. Upper Respiratory Tract Infection (URTI) is a term used to describe acute infections of the … Respiratory disease is responsible for over 10% of hospitalizations and over 16% of deaths in Canada (including lung cancer). Many of our writers are speaking from personal experience, and what's worked for them may not work for you. Types of upper respiratory infection include the common cold (head cold), the mild flu, tonsillitis, laryngitis, and sinus infection. Your risk rises if you smoke or have certain underlying medical conditions such as heart disease or diabetes. The NTM infection in the lungs causes scarring, fibrosis and the formation of cavities or pits in the lung tissue. Seasonal influenza ("the flu") in adults is also caused by the Influenza A or B viruses. Characterized by thick, yellow and sometimes green-tinged mucus, the cough from this lung infection can last several weeks. There is no specific antiviral treatment recommended for MERS-CoV infection. Respiratory tract diseases are diseases that affect the air passages, including the nasal passages, the bronchi and the lungs. Anyone can get the enterovirus, which is transmitted through person-to-person contact. Vaccines are available beginning at 2 months old, and typically require four more doses at regular intervals with the last dose given at age 4-6. Chronic Bronchitis. However, it may take up to two weeks to recover. Unlike most other respiratory tract infections, which are causes by viruses, pneumonia is usually caused by bacteria. Their articles are not a substitute for medical advice, although we hope you can gain knowledge from their insight. People affected by enterovirus symptoms may also have trouble breathing and experience wheezing. Infection of this type occurs due to bacteria and virus. • Pleurisy Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces such as toys and play areas to prevent the spread of flu viruses. Stomach flu is caused by intestinal infection from a virus, typically rotavirus or norovirus. Everyone has had the common cold at some time or another. As an upper respiratory infection, the common cold causes runny nose, sore throat, and headache. ", Medscape: "Bacterial pneumonia," "How is chronic bronchitis defined? Treatment of lung infections requires special antibiotics. In total, contagion lasts about two weeks. Seasonal influenza ("the flu"), is an acute respiratory illness caused by influenza A or B viruses and is most dangerous to children, seniors, and those with weakened immune systems. The World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a pandemic on March 11. • Chest congestion However, many times victims do not receive the antibiotics because of the destruction of the tsunami. Asbestosis. This virus family is known to infect various animals, and is also known to mutate easily. A cough from chronic bronchitis can last up to two years. Tuberculosis Pneumonia that slowly gets worse, caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium … The CDC recommends everyone get a flu shot as soon as they become available, or at least by October as the flu shot takes up to 2 weeks to become effective. The SARS virus outbreak began in China in 2003 and spread worldwide, infecting over 8,000 people before it was contained. These different types of lung infections include: • Bronchitis (chronic or acute) In the United States, flu season begins as early as October and ends as late as May. Galiatsatos notes three factors that affect the lung damage risk in COVID-19 infections and how likely the person is to recover and regain lung function: Disease severity. Flu symptoms in adults are often the same as in children: fever, chills, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, muscle or body aches, headaches, and fatigue. People infected with bird flu have often been in close contact with sick birds and their droppings, or in direct contact with someone else already infected with the bird flu virus. The scarring causes stiffness in the lungs which makes it difficult to breathe and get oxygen to the bloodstream. Fever. 4. Lower respiratory infections may be found in your lungs or breathing airways. Flu infections usually peak in January/February or later in some years. By March as the outbreak in China seemed to stabilize, nearly 81,000 people had been sickened and 3,200 people had died in China, according to the WHO. 10 Symptoms of a Lung Infection. • Tuberculosis, also known as TB, • Fever Most SARS patients go on to develop pneumonia. Adequate rest may also help you recover and feel better. Most human illnesses from avian flu have been caused by the LPAI (low pathogenic avian flu) H7N9 and HPAI (high pathogenic avian flu) H5N1 variants that have genetic similarities to viruses found to infect birds. This vaccine helps prevent the spread of infection of whooping cough in infants and others. A virus's genetics allow that particular virus to live inside a specific species, like a human, cat, dog, monkey, and others. • Cough The study of respiratory disease is known as pulmonology.  The two most common LRIs are bronchitis and pneumonia . The best way to prevent bird flu it is to avoid sources of exposure like contaminated poultry farms, aviaries, or coops. A mild-to-moderate coronavirus infection is like the common cold, according to the CDC. It is possible for swine flu to spread from pigs to humans, though this type of spread is most common among people in places like pig barns and livestock fair exhibits housing numerous live pigs. Swine flu cannot be spread by eating cooked pork products. This is because chronic bronchitis is merely caused by the blocking of the airways and bronchioles in the lungs that causes difficulty in breathing and coughs of the septum that can be managed. The causes are many. Beyond vaccination, experts recommend keeping children home if they are sick with the flu. Asthma. Retrieved January 10, 2012, from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/lungdiseases.html, Lung Infection-A Public Health Priority. The first case was identified in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. This article will concentrate on those diseases caused by … This damage can lead to respiratory failure.  Topics under Respiratory Tract Disease Aspiration Pneumonia (33 drugs) Have a question? Whooping cough (pertussis) is caused by the Bordetella pertussis bacterium. Worldwide, viral pneumonia is the leading cause of death among children younger than 5 years old. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) / iStock, Cynthia Goldsmith/ Jackie Katz CDC / iStock, Cynthia S. Goldsmith, Yiting Zhang CDC / iStock, American Lung Association: "What causes pneumonia? All content is Copyright © 2021 HER Inc. dba EmpowHER unless otherwise noted. To exhibit enterovirus symptoms may also include vomiting and diarrhea take at least year. Articles are not very contagious, also known to mutate easily, severe respiratory... With the H5N1 variant die from complications kinds of pneumonia flu vaccine prepared! A child has `` stomach flu is spread from person to person though or... 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